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Infertility issues in men and women that stop them from conceiving a baby

Infertility is a problem which occurs when a couple is unable to conceive after having a regular unprotected intercourse for more than 12 months. According to a study around 8 to 12% of the couples across the globe experience fertility problems and between 40 to 50% of the cases are thought to stem from the factors that affect the men.

Infertility Causes in Men

The following are the Infertility Causes which affects the male member:

  1. Low sperm count: Low sperm count is a factor which affects the fertility of the one-third of the couples and they face difficulty in conceiving a baby. A sperm count of fewer than 15 million is considered as low.
  2. Low sperm motility: Low sperm motility means that the sperm cannot swim as well as they should to reach the egg.
  3. Abnormal sperm: Abnormal sperm is an Infertility Cause where the men sperm may have an unusual shape which means it becomes harder to move and fertilize an egg.

Infertility Causes in women

The following are the Infertility Causes which affects the women fertility:

  1. Age: The age is one of the most important factors which affect the women fertility as the women grow older her ovarian reserve start falling due to which she is not able to conceive naturally.
  2. Smoking: Smoking is a factor which affects the fertility of both men and women, and it may undermine the effects of fertility treatment. Smoking during pregnancy leads to miscarriage and passive smoking also reduces the fertility.
  3. Alcohol: The consumption of alcohol also affects the chances of conceiving.
  4. Mental stress: It has been found that women who take much stress have an issue while ovulating which can lead to reduced sexual activity.
  5. Body Weight: The over and under body weight while undergoing for the fertility treatment can affect both men and women.
Infertility Causes in women

Infertility Treatments for Men

The following are the Infertility Treatments for men:

  • Varicocele: The condition of varicocele will be treated through surgery where the men varicose vein in the scrotum will be removed which helps him in conceiving.
  • Blockage of the ejaculatory duct: In case of blockage of the duct the male member sperms can be extracted directly from his testicles and will be injected into an egg in the laboratory.
  • Surgery for blockage in epididymal: The surgery is the best option to treat the blocked epididymis. The epididymis is a coil which looks like structure in the testicles that helps in storing the sperm and transport. The sperm may not be properly ejaculated if the epididymis is blocked.

Infertility Treatments for women

The following are the Infertility Treatments for women:

  • Clomiphene: This is a medication which encourages ovulation in women who ovulate either irregularly or not at all, because of PCOS/ PCOD or another hormonal disorder. This medication allows the women pituitary gland to release more follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).
  • Metformin: If Clomiphene is unable to make the women ovulate then the metformin may help the women with PCOS/PCOD, especially when linked to insulin resistance.
  • Human chorionic gonadotropin: The Human chorionic gonadotropin is used together with clomiphene, and FSH, which stimulate the follicle to ovulate.
  • Follicle-stimulating hormone: This is a hormonal stimulation which is produced by the pituitary gland that controls estrogen production by the ovaries and it helps the ovaries to stimulate so that women produce more mature egg follicles.

Infertility Diagnosis

In many cases, the people visit the physician if there is no pregnancy occurred after 12 months of regular intercourse.

In case, the women age is over 35 years, the couple needs to visit the doctor earlier because the fertility testing takes time and according to study, the female fertility starts declining when she is in her 30s.

A doctor can give advice and carry out some preliminary assessments. It is advisable for the couple that they visit the doctor together as she might ask about the couple's sexual habits and accordingly make recommendations. Tests and trials are available; however, testing does not always reveal a specific cause.

What is Unexplained Infertility?

The Unexplained Infertility is an issue where the couple suffers from infertility but the diagnostic procedure also fails to find any reasonable cause of the condition. Unexplained Infertility is essentially a negative diagnosis which means that the clinic and fertility expert knows there is a problem but the cause remains unknown. Even with the number of fertility treatments, the Unexplained Infertility is very common and it affects 7 out of 10 couples.